Administrative System of the Princely State of Swat

Situated in the North-West Frontier Province of British India and later Pakistan, Swat State has the distinction of not being imposed by an imperial power or an individual but was founded in 1915 by jarga of a section of the right bank Swat Valley

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ABDUL GHAFFUR (AKHUND) SAIDU BABA Of Swat: Life, Carrer and Role

Akhund Abdul Ghaffur (Akhund 'Abd al-Ghafur), now known as Saidu Baba, '''was born at Jabrai (in Shimizai), a small shepherd's hamlet in Bar (Upper) Swat, about the year 1794." His father's name was Abdul Wahid (Abd al-Wahid). His early occupation afforded ample time for mediation; and Abdul Ghaffur was soon noted amongst his own people as a sober

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Land Ownership In Swat: Historical And Contenporary Perspective

The sixteenth century proved a turning point in the history of Swat, as the Yusufzai Afghans occupied the land. The Yusufzai retained independent position of Swat but failed to establish an organised government. They lived in the old tribal fashion, headed by prominent tribal chiefs and divided into factions (dallas), headed by their own...

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Pukhtu: The Pukhtun Code of Life

Pukhtuns inhabit the North-West Frontier Province of Pakistan as a major ethnic group of the populace. Most parts of the land they occupy remained independent, and without a centralized government of its own for most of its known history. It is due to the geographical nature of the land...

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The Malakand Jihad (1897)

The fall of Constantinople, in 1453, to the Ottomans, "made the European Powers, interested in the Eastern trade, anxious to discover a new route beyond the control of the Turks."1 Due to their favourable position, Portugal and Spain took the lead in the search for a direct sea-route to the East.

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PUKHTUN WOMEN:Traditional Role, Contemporary Challanges

The mistimed and uncalled for changes that have crept into the Pukhtun Society of Swat are putting psychological stress on both males and the females. The stress is more profound in the female section of the Society, an allusion to the traditional life in Swat in part testifies to it.

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Sandakai Mullah:Career and Role in the Formation Of Swat State

Wali Ahmad, known as Sandakai Mullah (Mulla), was born at Sandakai, a small village in Chakisar, Swat. Detailed information about his early life is not available because he discouraged those who inquired about his personal life. However, he used to pray for his stepmother and considered her harshness toward...

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THE SARTOR FAQIR Life And Struggle Against British Imperialism

Sa'dullah Khan (Sa'd Allah Khan) known as 'Sartor Faqir ' was member of a honourable family of Buner. He is also known as Mullah (Mulla) Mastan, Sartor Baba, Faqir Baba, to the British as the 'Mad Mullah and mad Faqir. By birth he was the son of a Bunerwal Malik Hameedullah...

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